In this guide, we will learn: How to Defrag Windows 11 PC Drives (2023).
Defragmentation is the process of organizing the data on a hard drive in a more efficient way, which can help improve the performance of a computer. In the case of Windows 11, defragmentation can help by rearranging fragmented files and data on the hard drive so that they are stored in contiguous blocks, which can make it easier and faster for the computer to access the data when needed.
When you use your computer, files and data are constantly being created, modified, and deleted, which can cause fragmentation to occur over time. This means that the data is scattered in various places on the hard drive, rather than being stored in one continuous block. This can slow down the performance of your computer, as the system has to spend more time searching for the data it needs.
Defragmentation can help to resolve this issue by rearranging the fragmented data on the hard drive so that it is stored in contiguous blocks. This can result in faster performance and shorter load times for your applications and files.
It’s worth noting that modern computers with solid-state drives (SSDs) generally do not require defragmentation, as the way that data is stored on these drives does not lead to fragmentation in the same way as with traditional hard drives. However, if you are using a traditional hard drive with Windows 11, defragmentation can be a helpful tool to optimize your computer’s performance.
To defrag in Windows 11, we do not require a third-party tool as it can be done from the in-built features.
1. Short & easy Tutorial
Here’s how to defragment your drives in Windows 11:
- Open the Windows 11 Start menu and search for “Defragment and Optimize Drives.”
- Click on the search result to open the “Optimize Drives” app.
- In the “Optimize Drives” window, you will see a list of drives that are currently connected to your computer. Select the drive that you want to defragment.
- Click on the “Optimize” button to begin the defragmentation process.
- Depending on the size of the drive and the amount of fragmentation present, the defragmentation process can take several minutes or longer to complete. You can monitor the progress of the defragmentation by looking at the progress bar in the “Optimize Drives” window.
- Once the defragmentation process is complete, the “Optimize Drives” window will display the status of the drive, indicating whether it has been optimized or not.
It’s important to note that defragmenting your drives regularly can help to improve the performance of your computer. However, it’s generally recommended that you do not defragment solid-state drives (SSDs), as this can actually reduce their lifespan. If you’re unsure whether you have an SSD or a traditional hard drive, you can check the specifications of your computer or consult the manufacturer’s documentation.
2. Tutorials with images : Disk Optimization on Windows Interface
There’s a special tool available on the Windows interface that lets you optimize your disk drives. You can follow these two simple steps to defrag in Windows 11:
Open Disk Fragmentation Tool
Well, there are three methods to open Disk Fragmentation tools. The first one is from system Settings:
- On your Settings window, select System and visit Storage.
- Scroll down and choose Advanced storage settings.
- Now, choose Drive optimization. This will take you to a dialogue box that helps optimize your drives.
Another method to open the Disk Fragmentation tool is from a preferred drive’s properties. Here’s how to do it:
- Navigate to the drive you wish to defrag.
- Right-click on it and choose Properties.
- Finally, select the Tools tab and click on the Optimize button. Well, this opens the same window you accessed earlier from Settings.
Alternatively, you can open the dialogue box from the Start Menu. To do so, simply search for Defragmenter or a relative keyword. Then, open the Defragment and Optimize Drives application.
Optimize Your Disk Drives
After successfully launching the defragmenter tool, you can now easily optimize your preferred hard disks. Follow this guide to defrag your hard drive:
- Firstly, select a drive or multiple drives in the Status window. Interestingly, you can even select the Advanced option to choose other drives from your PC.
- If you select only one drive, click on Optimize. If you choose multiple disks, press Optimize all.
- Now, wait for a few moments. This depends on the hard drive you’re using and the number of files that needs to get optimized. Once done, click on Close.
Well, there’s an option that lets you check whether your disk needs defragmentation or not. To do so, choose the Analyze option. However, this feature remains disabled by default if your drive doesn’t require optimization.
Disk Defragmentation on Command Prompt
Very few of us know that we can defrag using Command Prompt too. Follow these general commands to optimize your hard drives:
- At first, launch Command Prompt from Start Menu or Run.
- Then, type defrag [Your Drive Name]: and hit enter. This will take a few minutes to perform defragmentation. Once completed, you will receive both pre-optimization and post-optimization reports.
- If you want to perform other actions, try defrag /? to view all the commands you can use. For example, typing defrag C: /a will invoke analysis on your C drive.
Create a Batch File to Defrag Your Hard Drive
Another technique to defrag an HDD is creating a batch file with a .bat extension. Go through the following steps to learn how to do it:
- Firstly, open Notepad.
- Now, copy and paste the code provided below:
defrag.exe c: -f
- If you want to defrag multiple drives, simply use this code after the above one.
defrag.exe [your drive name]: -f
- Once done, save the file in .bat format.
- Now, launch the program you just created.
- Then, wait for several minutes until disk defragmentation is completed on your PC. Once done, the process will close automatically.
Does Degramentation Help to Free Up Disk Space?
The defragmentation process is only for rearrangement of the unordered files or programs. So, it has nothing to do with disk space. Therefore, it’s safe to say that defragmentation doesn’t free up disk space.
But if you are looking for ways to free up your disk space, you can refer to this article.
How Can I Schedule Defragmentation on Windows?
Generally, Windows recommends you defrag your drives weekly. Nonetheless, you can change this setting from the defragmenter tool itself.
Here’s how you can schedule defragmentation on Windows so that you do not need to do it yourself:
- Open the Defragmenter tool from the methods we explained above.
- Under Scheduled Optimization, select Change Settings.
- Now, set the frequency to Daily, Weekly, or Monthly. Also, you can choose the drives you want to defrag automatically.
- Finally, press Ok to make the desired changes.
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